Maya culture


Spirituele journey / zondag, juli 17th, 2016

The calendar may possibly end: the Mayans were really not assume that it then actually would have happened to Mother Earth.

Where exactly the idea came from is a mystery, but many are convinced that the earth decays end of the year 2012. Why? Because the Mayans have predicted it at the end of their calendar. It is without doubt the greatest fable of 2012. “The Maya never saw it as a catastrophic date,” said Jose Huchim, self Maya and archaeologist, in an interview with Yahoo! News. “It is worrying that they (the westerners, ed.) gives a different meaning to the vision of our Maya.” It is high time to put aside the fears and prejudices and to look with an objective look at the calendar.

 

Ritual

For example, the Maya had a calendar for the rituals. This was especially formulated with a view to the priests. They used the calendar to predict the future and plan rituals. A year counted on the calendar 260 days. A date was displayed by means of characters. For example, there were twenty characters for the days (see below). Each sign was combined with a number (from one to thirteen). The first day of this year was so 1 Imix, the second day 2 I et cetera. But thirteen days after the figures were on and there were about seven day signs. Then they started again counting again. The fourteenth day was 1 Ix. The fifteenth 2 Men. After twenty days so broke on 8 Imix on. This went on until the day 1 Imix broke again. And that’s after 260 days. So, the circle is round again.

 

 

Sun

A second calendar was based on the cycle of the sun and counted – just like our calendars – 365 days. The months were slightly shorter than today and had only twenty days. It follows that a year had at the Maya eighteen months of twenty days. The nineteenth month counted five days. Also on this calendar data with a number and picture were displayed. The first month, for example, called Pop. New Year’s Day was over 1 Pop. Day of the year on this system constitutes an exception. Many Mayans saw this all as the first day of a new year and called this day why not 5 Uayeb (last month) but 0 Pop.

Long count

A third calendar they kept after,  is that of the Long Count. It starts at the time of the creation story of the Maya (sometime in August 3114 BC). This calendar is again filled with cycles of twenty units. They distinguished between days, months, years and periods of twenty and 400 years. In a month are twenty days, sit in a year eighteen months (ie 360 days). In a period of twenty years, twenty years sit and so 7200 days, and in a period of 400 years sit twenty periods of twenty years, and hence 144,000 days. Thus, it was also noted. They placed five numbers in a row to indicate a date. Take for example the date 9,12,5,0,9. This means that since the beginning of the calendar nine several days, 0 months, five years, twelve periods of twenty years and nine periods of 400 years to be. A date would be listed as September 5, 2010 as 12,19,17,12,2.

Expire

The Long Count appeals most to the imagination, because this calendar would soon expire. The calendar is exhausted after thirteen periods of 400 years. And that date (13,0,0,0,0) coincides with 21 or December 23 (depends on the formula used) in 2012. In that year the calendar or rather the cycle that covers the calendar 5000 years old. But this means that the calendar and the earth on which it relates have seen better days? No, writes anthropologist David Webster. “The Mayans were obviously just re-started another cycle as they did before. And their world would just be gone. Here’s my prediction: 2012 comes and goes without the world falling apart a lot quicker than they hitherto been doing.

 

But, we are still here and the calender is still counting, again..

 

 

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